The translation-rotation collision-induced spectra of N2–N2, O2–O2 and N2–O2mixtures are calculated theoretically. For N2–N2, using the matrix elements for the quadrupole and hexadecapole moments and the isotropic and anisotropic polarizabilities obtained previously from a global analysis of the fundamental band spectra, we obtain numerical values for the zeroth moment that are smaller than the measured values by 9–14%, depending on the temperature. By increasing the value for the matrix element of the isotropic polarizability slightly, good agreement with experiment is obtained. For O2–O2, the theoretical spectrum is significantly smaller than the experimental result. By increasing the matrix element of the hexadecapole moment by a factor of 1.7, we can obtain good agreement. This larger value for the hexadecapole moment will not appreciably affect the agreement found previously in the fundamental region because the hexadecapole contribution to the intensity is very small, unlike the translation-rotation band where it is larger than the contribution due to the quadrupole moment. Using these parameters, we then calculate the collision-induced absorption for N2–O2 mixtures for which no experimental data exist. Finally, we calculate the collision-induced absorption for air, and compare our results with previous work; we express the results for the ratio of the absorption coefficient of air to that of N2–N2 as a function of wavenumber and temperature, R(ω,T), which can easily be implemented in atmospheric models.