A.H das H Filho, F.S. Candeias, S.C. da Silva, F.C. Vicentini, M.H.M.T. Assumpcao, A. Brown, and G. L. C. de Souza
Journal of Molecular Modeling, 26, 309
Publication year: 2020

In this work, we present a computational investigation on the photoexcitation of indigo carmine (IC). Physical insights regarding IC photoexcitation and photolysis were obtained from a fundamental perspective through quantum chemistry computations. Density functional theory (DFT) was used to investigate the ground state while its time-dependent formalism (TD-DFT) was used for probing excited state properties, such as vertical excitation energies, generalized oscillator strengths (GOS), and structures. All the computations were undertaken using two different approaches: M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p) and CAM-B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p), in water. Results determined using both methods are in systematic agreement. For instance, the first singlet excited state was found at 2.28 eV (with GOS = 0.4730) and 2.19 eV (GOS = 0.4695) at the TD-DFT/CAM-B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) and TD-DFT/M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p) levels of theory, respectively. Excellent agreement was observed between the computed and the corresponding experimental UV-Vis spectra. Moreover, results suggest IC undergoes photodecomposition through excited state chemical reaction rather than via a direct photolysis path. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first to tackle the photoexcitation, and its potential connections to photodegradation, of IC from a fundamental chemical perspective, being presented with expectations to motivate further studies.