A. Aerts, P. Kockaert, S.-P. Gorza, A. Brown, J. Vander Auwera, and N. Vaeck
J. Chem. Phys. 156, 084302
Publication year: 2022
We propose a methodology to tackle the laser control of a non-stationary dark ro-vibrational state of acetylene (C2H2), given realistic experimental limitations in the 7.7 μm (1300 cm−1) region. Simulations are performed using the Lindblad master equation, where the so-called Lindblad parameters are used to describe the effect of the environment in the dilute gas phase. A phenomenological representation of the parameters is used, and they are extracted from high-resolution spectroscopy line broadening data. An effective Hamiltonian is used for the description of the system down to the rotational level close to experimental accuracy. The quality of both the Hamiltonian and Lindblad parameters is assessed by a comparison of a calculated infrared spectrum with the available experimental data. A single shaped laser pulse is used to perform the control, where elements of optics and pulse shaping using masks are introduced with emphasis on experimental limitations. The optimization procedure, based on gradients, explicitly takes into account the experimental constraints. Control performances are reported for shaping masks of increasing complexity. Although modest performances are obtained, mainly due to the strong pulse shaping constraints, we gain insights into the control mechanism. This work is the first step toward the conception of a realistic experiment that will allow for population characterization and manipulation of a non-stationary vibrational “dark” state. Effects of the collisions on the laser control in the dilute gas phase, leading to decoherence in the molecular system, are clearly shown.