M.N. Ashani, Q. Huang, A.M. Flowers, A. Brown, A. Aerts, A. Otero-de-la-Roza, and G.A. DiLabio
J. Phys. Chem. A, 127 (38), 8015-8024
Publication year: 2023

We demonstrate that a Δ-density functional theory (Δ-DFT) approach based on atom-centered potentials (ACPs) represents a computationally inexpensive and accurate method for representing potential energy surfaces (PESs) for the HONO and HFCO molecules and vibrational frequencies derived therefrom. Using as few as 100 CCSD(T)-F12a reference energies, ACPs developed for use with B3LYP/def2-TZVPP are shown to produce PESs for HONO and HFCO with mean absolute errors of 27.7 and 5.8 cm–1, respectively. Application of the multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree (MCTDH) method with ACP-corrected B3LYP/def2-TZVPP PESs produces vibrational frequencies for cis– and trans-HONO with mean absolute percent errors (MAPEs) of 0.8 and 1.1, compared to 0.8 obtained for the two isomers with CCSD(T)-F12a/cc-pVTZ-F12/MCTDH. For HFCO, the vibrational frequencies obtained using the present (Δ-DFT)/MCTDH approach give a MAPE of 0.1, which is the error obtained with CCSD(T)-F12a/cc-pVTZ-F12/MCTDH. The ACP approach is therefore successful in representing a PES calculated at a high level of theory (CCSD(T)-F12a) and a promising method for the development of a general protocol for the representation of accurate molecular PESs and the calculation of molecular properties from them.